Another factor in the economic development of the region that must have had an impact on the Dakota reservation was the burgeoning of railroads in Minnesota during the 1850s. Dakota title to a 10-by-150-mile strip of land--a portion of the land designated a reservation in 1851- … The Campbell siblings were children of a British fur trader and a Dakota woman. St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1988. In 1858, a month after Minnesota became the 32nd state in the union, a group of Dakota leaders were summoned to Washington, DC, where they were detained until they signed another treaty relinquishing all land north and east of the Minnesota River to the United States.
One of the first acts of Congress under the Constitution was to âprivatizeâ westward expansion.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at Copyright and Use Information. The agreement immediately opened this territory up for settlement by whites, resulting in the establishment of an unofficial local government not recognized by Washington.
The treaty also created the 400,000 acre Yankton Sioux Reservation, located in present-day Charles Mix County in South Dakota. , Karolevitz, Robert F. (1972). Because railroad companies made their money selling land for town sites, the presence of an increasingly beleaguered Dakota nation in control of the Minnesota River front would have been a contentious issue. Scott Campbell was a long-time interpreter for Indian agent Lawrence Taliaferro, and signed the multinational treaties at Prairie du Chien in 1825 and 1830, treaties with the Dakota in 1836 and 1837, and the Ojibwe land cession treaty of 1837.
In this capacity, and as Governor and US Senator for Minnesota, Ramsey was a tireless promoter of US settlement.  The treaty was signed in April 1858, and ratified by the United States Congress on February 16, 1859.
The second-in-command for the Ohio Company was Ebenezer Sproat, whose daughter Sarah married Solomon Sibley.
Solomon and Sarah had two sons and a son-in-law who signed US-Indian treaties: Another brother-in-law of Henry Sibley was Franklin Steele, who controlled the water power at St. Anthony Falls.
Authority was given to allot individual claims on this reservation land to Dakota farmers. After the Dakota War of 1862, the U.S. abrogated all of its treaties with the Dakota, seized the remaining 10-mile wide strip, and exiled them from the State. Not all of the Dakota had participated in the War, however, and in 1863 a treaty with non-combatant Dakota created the Sisseton reservation in present-day South Dakota. Yankton: A Pioneer Past - North Plains Press - 1972 - pp.
651-259-3015 • 844-667-8679. The agreement immediately opened this territory up for settlement by whites, … In 1858, a month after Minnesota became the 32nd state in the union, a group of Dakota leaders were summoned to Washington, DC, where they were detained until they signed another treaty relinquishing all land north and east of the Minnesota River to the United States.
651-259-3000 • 1-800-657-3773, Box office:
(The name was carried by generations of men.)
Source: Anderson, Gary Clayton, Woolworth, Alan R. Through Dakota Eyes: Narrative Accounts of the Minnesota Indian War of 1862. In 1857, the Dakota gave away all their land north of the Minnesota River. 345 W. Kellogg Blvd. Antoine Campbell signed the Dakota treaties of 1858). More details.
Dakota title to a 10-by-150-mile strip of land--a portion of the land designated a reservation in 1851--was acknowledged through this treaty. Joseph Brown led a delegation to Washington for the 1858 land cession treaties, signed a treaty with the Ho-Chunk in 1859, and signed the 1867 Sisseton Wahpeton treaty that established a Dakota reservation in South Dakota. Charles F. Picotte, a speculator, business venturist, and translator for these meetings was rewarded by the government with a 640-acre land grant in the newly incorporated territory, which would later become a major part of Yankton, South Dakota. One building, purchased in 1849 for $2,500, was worth nearly half a million dollars when Justus died in 1881.
The selling of that strip north of the Minnesota caused great dissatisfaction among the Sioux, and Little Crow was always blamed for the part he took in the sale.
Joseph Renshaw Brown came to Minnesota at age 14 as a drummer boy at Fort Snelling. Marriages into two prominent Dakota/French/US families helped ensure his financial success, and he diversified his business interests into transportation and land speculation. He left the army at about age 20 and entered the fur trade. The ceded land was to be sold to settlers, the proceeds going to the Dakota (though up to $140,000 could be used to pay the Dakota people'sâ âjust debtsâ). Minnesota Indian Affairs Council161 Saint Anthony AveSuite 919St. All of these businesses required obtaining the assets of American Indian people, and Dousman pursued his interests by signing treaties with the Ojibwe in 1837, with the Ho-Chunk in 1846, and with the Dakota in 1836 and 1851.
The Yankton Treaty was a treaty signed in 1858 between the United States government and the Yankton Sioux (Nakota) Native American tribe, ceding most of eastern South Dakota to the United States government.
Although millions of acres in southern Minnesota had recently become available to white settlers, the narrow strip along the Minnesota River where all Dakota lived became a focal point for white migration. That year, with some other chiefs, I went to Washington on business connected with the treaty. ", The people in the photo are; standing: Big Eagle, Traveling Hail, Red Legs; seated: Medicine bottle, The Thief, unidentified.
One month after Minnesota became a State, Dakota people were taken to Washington to sign away the northern half of their holdings along the Minnesota River, in acknowledgement that white settlers had encroached on the land and planned to stay. The 1858 Treaty took 328,000 acres north of the Minnesota River. He founded the Minnesota towns of Stillwater and Henderson, and co-owned the Dakota Land Company which founded Sioux Falls and other South Dakota towns.
In 1858, Washington changed terms of the 1851 treaties and took half of the reservation back.
The remaining reservation was to be allotted to individual Dakota families, who were to subsist on annuity payments and farming.
), Becoming Minnesotan: Recent Immigrants and Refugees, Stories of Minnesota's Greatest Generation, Stories of LGBTQ Communities in Minnesota, Teaching Native American History and Culture, Minnesota Center for Social Studies Education (CSSE). St. Paul, MN 55102 Alexander Ramsey signed the two Dakota land cession treaties of 1851 and the âOld Crossingâ treaty with the Ojibwe in 1863, and his brother signed the Bois Fort treaty in 1866.
But one of the land grant railroads co-owned by Territorial Governor Alexander Ramsey planned to pass near the Dakota reservation. The two immediately began investing in real estate. His brother Nathaniel also engaged in Minnesota politics as well as in railroads and land speculation.
With this act, corporate interests became a driving force in the US acquisition of Indian land. Justus C. Ramsey, a railroad surveyor in Pennsylvania, joined his brother Alexander in Minnesota in 1849. Wamditanka (Big Eagle) later said: "In 1858 the ten miles of this strip belonging to the Mdewakanton and Wacouta (Wahpekute) bands, and lying north of the river were sold, mainly through the influences of Little Crow.
Funding provided by the State of Minnesota, the Legacy Amendment through the vote of Minnesotans on Nov. 4, 2008, and our generous donors and members. The Yankton Treaty was a treaty signed in 1858 between the United States government and the Yankton Sioux (Nakota) Native American tribe, ceding most of eastern South Dakota to the United States government.
Paul, MN 55106, Pezihutazizi Oyate (Upper Sioux Community), Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux (Dakota) Community. Two of Scott Campbellâs sons were hung for their involvement in the Dakota War of 1862: Baptiste, by the US military in Mankato; and John, by a lynch mob. Smutty Bear (Ma-to-sa-be-che-a), a chief within the Yankton Sioux tribe, opposed the treaty because he thought it would only bring further white aggression as they assumed an authority over the land. MNHS openings and announcements. Their sister Margaret had a long relationship with Hercules Dousman, who began working for the American Fur Company in 1826. Minnesota People Records Search (Birth, Death, etc. A former US Congressman from Pennsylvania, Alexander Ramsey was appointed Governor of Minnesota Territory in 1849. In 1851, treaty commissioners Ramsey and Lea had described the last remaining Dakota land base as: And yet, land speculators (including Henry Sibley, as an agent for Pierre Chouteau) immediately began purchasing newly-ceded territory adjacent to the reservation.
The treaty was signed in April 1858, and ratified by the United States Congress on February 16, 1859. Paul, MN 55103, Minnesota Humanities Center987 Ivy Ave EastSt.
Brown signed the 1867 treaty.
Strike-the-Ree (Pa-le-ne-a-pa-pe, also known as "The Man that Struck the Ree"), the elder Yankton Sioux chief, also felt that too many whites were settling there, but decided that opposing them was futile, and he signed the treaty. Their fate stands in stark contrast to the financial benefits gained from US-Indian relations by their uncle Hercules. It caused us all to move to the south side of the river, where there was but very little game, and many of our people, under the treaty, were induced to give up the old life and go to work like white men, which was very distasteful to many. Beginning with Prairie Island in the 1880âs, Dakota lands were eventually restored in present-day Minnesota, with additional new tribal governments created in the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934.
Between 1854 and Statehood in 1858, twenty seven railroads were incorporated in Minnesota Territory â most of them speculative ventures that never laid track. By 1834, when Astor sold the company, Dousman was in a position to become a major stockholder in the fur trade, in partnership with the Chouteau family of St. Louis and Henry Sibley. Signed June 19, 1858 in Washington, D. C.Treaty wih the Sioux (Mdewakanton / Wahpakoota)Treaty with the Sioux (Sisseton / Wahpeton) In 1851, treaty commissioners Ramsey and Lea had described the last remaining Dakota land base as: "sufficiently remote to guarantee the Indians against any pressure on the part of the white population for many years to come.”.
Nathaniel accompanied Joseph to Washington for the 1858 Dakota treaty, and Joseph's son A.M.A. U.S. Library of Congress Number 72-88949, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yankton_Treaty&oldid=806777424, United States and Native American treaties, Articles needing additional references from September 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2017, at 02:41. [In 1858], in exchange for increased annuity payments, the Dakota ceded about half of their reservation land. Sarah and Solomon moved from the Ohio settlement to what is now Michigan, where Solomon became the first mayor of Detroit and engaged in land speculation, signing a treaty with the Ottawa in 1821. Brown County is named after Joseph Renshaw Brown.
Some sources say that their grandmother was a sister of Little Crow, but which Little Crow is unclear.